Photography Blog

Wedding Photography Wednesday: Essential Equipment for Wedding Photography

When I was a new wedding photographer, I was freaked out about not having everything I needed. Being the organized photographer that I am, I made a list of essential equipment for wedding photography; everything that I needed so that I wouldn’t forget anything. Over the years, I’ve added things and taken things off the list, so that I now only bring what I need. This list allows me to get the job done without breaking my back lugging gear.

3 Camera Silhouettes
The most important equipment is your backup equipment!

These are the equipment essentials for wedding photography

1. Camera and backup camera

I actually bring three cameras so I can shoot with two and have one additional as a backup, but I think only two would get the job done. It is essential to have a backup in the event that something goes wrong with your primary camera — and there are so many things that can go wrong.

2. Medium zoom lens

I use a 24-70 f2.8 as my medium zoom and the lens that is on my camera most of the time. This focal length is great for wedding portraits and photojournalism, offering both wide and tight perspectives. The pretty wide aperture gives me some flexibility in spaces that aren’t very well lit.

3. Telephoto Lens

You will need a longer lens to capture events from a distance, in particular the ceremony. I like to stand toward the back or sides of a ceremony as to not be blocking anyone’s view and taking photos from a distance with my 70-200mm. I also use this lens for closeups of the first dance.

4. Wide angle lens and prime lenses

These are not as essential for a wedding, but are certainly nice to have. The wide angle can get you shots of architectural details or big groups. The prime lens can allow you to shoot in dark spaces and give you dreamy depth of field.

5. Speedlights

Using an external flash can be a lifesaver when you need to get a shot that is just too dark to get otherwise. I have to use speedlight photography techniques for nighttime weddings and dark churches. The alternative is dark or grainy images.

6. Memory cards and batteries

Always bring more cards and batteries than you think you need. I will shoot 50-60 GB of images for a wedding and go through two sets of batteries per camera and per speedlight. Make sure the batteries are all charged up in advance.

7. Tripod and light stands

A good tripod will get you out of a pinch if you are low on light and just need a little more stability. It’s also helpful if you are working in very low light or compositing images together. The light stands are helpful to place your speedlights on and allow you to adjust the placement of the lights. Shoot-through umbrellas are also helpful to have with the lightstands and speedlights for portrait work.

8. Flash diffuser

I like to bring a Gary Fong Lightsphere to put on top of my flash. It helps to diffuse the light and make for better portraits on the fly when you don’t have time to set up lights.

9. Camera bag

You will need something to put all your gear in. Make sure it’s big enough and comfortable enough to haul around with you as you’re moving throughout the day.

10. Studio strobes and umbrellas

Some people may disagree with me that this is essential, but I like to have powerful strobes (more power than speedlights) to use on formal portraits if I need them. Sometimes, it rains or is too cold and I’m forced to take formals in a dark church. In this case, I like have the speed and power of strobes to evenly light up a large group of people.

11. Lens cleaning kit and lens hoods

It’s possible for the lens to get dirty or wet throughout the course of a quick moving event, so it’s good to keep a cleaning kit or lens wipes with you to keep smudges from ruining your shots. Lens hoods are a good way to keep lenses from getting dirty in the first place and also serve to keep sun flare down. Take a look at our post for 5 tips for caring for your lenses, and ensure that all of your equipment is well-maintained.

In his class, Off-Camera Flash Photography, Neil van Niekerk discusses how to generate the best light for your subject via speedlights, umbrellas and further equipment. His Portraits with On-Camera Speedlight further delves into the importance of creating the best light no matter what kinds of conditions you may be shooting in.


These are my essential items. Am I missing any items that you think are essential?


Tony Dunn Photography

Great List. Exactly whats in my Kit for weddings. I agree with the strobes. Never left home without them. I would add flash triggers, a long extension lead and a laptop with external hard drive. back everything up before the drive home.

Scott Umstattd

I’m torn. I love my Canon 15-85mm because I am mostly a documentary photographer and this lens covers a great focal range. But on occasion when I do shoot a wedding, the f/3.5-5.6 aperture of the 15-85 doesn’t cut it for low light pictures. I keep being led to the Canon 24-70. Maybe after I get a full frame camera I’ll step into the 24-70mm. Thanks for sharing your gear list in your article.


I use my 15-85 as my ‘almost’ only lens on a wedding. I find it it renders very nice images I do not need an f2.8 or 1.8 A bounced flash and there you go. Underexposing is a brezze. And I do use 2nd curtain so I can add the bacground on the wide shots as I can use 1/15th with no problem whatsoever. I dislike wedding but take then as is a job. My town top photographer always ask me as 2dn camera with that lens as she uses fix lenght lenses such as a 40mm pancake on her 5dmIV and she seem to sell most of my 15mm wide shots. If I had a FF I’d might start with a f4 24-105. Just my 2 cents.

Chicago Wedding Photographer

I think this is a great list. The only thing I’d add are not necessarily considered gear. You need to have a reliable vehicle. No bride cares if you wake up and your car won’t start or some BS.

Really small, again, I would highly recommend adding a ‘rain ‘bag of some sort – protective coat for your camera/lens setup. Better safe than sorry, and you can pick up two of them for about 15 bucks and just keep them in your pack. Cheers.


thank you very much…I am a novice photographer primarily doing nature shots and my niece, who loves my nature photos, asked me to be her wedding photographer. She is turning 40 in September 2017 and this will be her first marriage. I have time to take a class or two and practice but this is an extremely helpful list to get me started. I do not want to disappoint her!

Bipin Dattani Photography

Nicholas, great article and to the point.

Love your statement “get the job done without breaking my back lugging gear” . Only after you shoot a few weddings you start to realise you do not have to carry masses of lenses which a lot photographers think we need to carry with us. Very carefully choice lenses for your style of shooting and you will not be tired at the end of the wedding.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Leave a Reply