The grid-like look of filet crochet might look fancy, but it’s created with only two basic stitches: the chain and double crochet. The double crochet stitches are used to create the grid and fill in spaces, while the empty cells are made with chain stitches between two double crochets. This style of crochet is commonly used in lightweight yarn, but if you have a large-scale project in mind, worsted weight would work well too.
Filet crochet is a popular choice for tablecloths, place mats, curtains, bedspreads or a lace shawl. There’s so much to love about this versatile technique, so add it to your repertoire and stitch to your heart’s content!
Pro Tip: When selecting or creating your design, remember that each filled grid will be four stitches wide.
Pro Tip: The hook for your project should be a size smaller than what’s typically recommended with your yarn, so your stitches can be a little stiff.
Make a blank mesh as a swatch to determine your filet gauge. Use this to get an idea of how many grids would look best in your particular design.
Good to Know: To determine your foundation chain length, take the number of squares you want and multiply that by three, then add five (three for the edge/first stitch and two for the first space). Fort this demo, we have seven squares and a foundation chain of 26.
Row 1: (photos #1-2) DC in the 8th chain from your hook, *Ch 2, skip 2 chains, DC in next chain; repeat from * to end. Turn. (7 empty squares made up of 8 DC and 7 ch-2 spaces)
Row 2: Ch 5 (photo #3), skip first DC and ch-2 gap, *DC in next DC, Ch 2 (photo #4); repeat from * to end, DC in third chain of previous row’s turning chain. (Photo #5)
Repeat Row 2 until you have the number of rows you desire. (Photo #6)
How to Design With Filet Crochet
There are a few rules to remember when using filet crochet to make a design:
1. If the first grid of a row is filled, the beginning of the row will be a chain 3. If it is empty, the beginning is chain 5.
2. Always skip the first DC. The beginning chain of the row will always include the first stitch.
3. If the first grid of a row is filled, skip the first DC and work the first two DC into the first ch-2 space. If it is empty, skip the first DC and ch-2 space and DC into the first DC.
4. If the last grid of a row is filled, but the first grid of the next row is empty: turn, chain 5, then skip the first 3 DC.
5. If you are working an empty square over a filled square, you will need to skip the two DC stitches between the “lines” of the grid.
6. When working a design that is on graph paper, work the odd-numbered rows from right to left and the even-numbered rows from left to right.
How to Stitch a Gridded Design
Let’s use the design below to see how a gridded pattern translates into actual stitches. The black squares will be solid crochet and the white squares will be left open.
To work a design like this, you chain the number of squares needed, multiplied by 3 (7 x 3 = 21), plus 3 (first DC) to get a foundation that is 24 chains long.
DC into the fourth, fifth, and sixth chains to create the first block.
Create the blank blocks the same way you worked the blank mesh, by chaining 2 and skipping 2 chains, then working a DC.
Work the last block by making DC stitches into each of the last 4 chains.
Work the rest of the graph. When you’re done, block your piece to your desired dimensions.
Now you know the basics of filet crochet! There’s a lot more you can do with this technique (increases, decreases and lacets, to name a few), but it’s best to get these basics down before moving on.
I would love to have a class on Filet Crochet. Have I merely missed it? If not, are there any plans to introduce one?
Hi, For the Filet crochet instructions, shouldn’t the repeat be Row 2, not the setup Row 1 into the foundation chains?
Yes, you are correct- the repeat should be Row 2. Thank you for catching this!
I have a pattern that is 84 spaces across. Start chain 253. I’m using #10 thread and #7 hook The finished width should be 19 inches but mine is coming out way too long. Any ideas?
I have a pattern with a blank space – it appears to be a cut out in the edge of the design. Can someone point me to a tutorial on how to do this? I know increase and decrease but not how to handle a blank. Thanks!
I love filet crochet
Does Craftsy have a class in this technique? I could not seem to find one. I wish you would if you do not or please guide me to the class. Thanks!
I have a filet graph pattern for a peacock which i would like to work and frame. Which size cotton woukd be best. My craft shop stocks DMC in a size 10, 20, and 30.
Would size 20 be too fine.? Thank you.
Depending on the size of the pattern, and the size you want to have. I would go with a size 30, for a smaller size, but 20 is a good size. Work with a tight stitch, blocked, it will give you a nice look when framed.