Fine Art Friday: 10 Watercolor Texture Techniques

Posted by on Oct 25, 2013 in Painting | Comments


Texture refers to both the feel and appearance of a surface, it is one of the elements that can make a fine art painting successful by rendering it more believable and by establishing a sensorial connection with the viewer.

Contrary to oils and acrylic, watercolor is a medium that doesn’t have any thickness to it, so the quality of the paper (rough, cold press or hot press) will be an important factor to consider when rendering textures. A simple flat wash can be textured on rough or cold press paper as some of the larger pigments will settle into the indentations of the paper — this is called granulation.

Watercolor of Lemon

To create texture, watercolorists can use a variety of additives and tools, here are 10 of the most common watercolor texture techniques, but really, your imagination is the limit.

Note: Click on any picture to see a larger version.

1. Salt on a wet wash

salt on watercolor Salt is sprinkled on a wet wash and starts to gather the watercolor pigments. The wash has to be still wet but not too shiny. The effect will vary depending on the size of the grains of salt and the wetness of the paper. Brush off the salt when everything has dried.

2. Wrapping paper on a wet wash

wrapping paper texture Crumple wrapping paper and lay it on a wet wash. Once it has dried, remove the wrapping paper.

3. Lifting off color on a wet wash

lifting off paint on a wet wash Color can be lifted off with a tissue paper and a thirsty brush can be used to carve lighter areas in a wash to add texture. Lifting off paint on a wet wash is a great technique to paint clouds in a sky

4. Spattering, dripping or spraying rubbing alcohol on a wet wash

alcohol on a wet wash Alcohol repels water, pushing the paint away and creating interesting white circular shapes when spattered or dripped. Spraying alcohol will have the same effect but the texture will be thinner. This technique works better when the wash is still wet but has lost its shine.

5. Spattering, dripping or spraying water or paint on a wet wash

water dripped on a wet wash This technique can add texture to washes and provoke the formation of back runs. Splattering water can also be done after a painting has been completed and is dry to achieve a loose painting style.

6. Painting with a sponge on dry paper

watercolor sponge textures A textured sponge can be a very handy tool to paint foliage in trees, old walls or sand on a beach. You can use a sea sponge or a regular household sponge (new), dipped into your color wash and then pressed on the paper.

7. Painting with a dry brush on dry paper

dry brush technique Painting with a brush loaded with a bit of pigment and not too much water on dry paper will produce a texture on paper and some of the color underneath will show. This technique can be used to paint old walls and grass, and it also works very well to render the shimmering effect of light on water. For it to work, you need some texture on the paper so a rough or cold press paper will work better than a hot press.See also our post on how to enhance your paintings with the dry brush technique.

8. Sanding a dry wash or scratching it off with a blade

scratching off paint with a blade This technique is done on a dry wash and works very well to retrieve specks of the white of the paper. It’s also often used to render the effect of light on water.

9. Lifting off color on a dry wash

lifting off color This can be done quite effectively with a simple eraser or by lifting off color with water and a stiff brush. You can carve out lighter areas to build texture.

10. Layering washes

building up textures with washes It’s possible to give the appearance of texture by carefully layering several washes, usually from light to dark. The paper has to be completely dry in between washes and it’s better to use a soft brush as to not lift the previous layers of color to avoid muddying colors. The texture inside this lemon was achieved by layering washes.

Comments

  1. JMM says:

    I find the information and ideas you put on Facebook very interesting and helpful. I’ve already tried a few of thee before but you’ve reminded me and given me new ones to try. Thanks

  2. Artbydianne says:

    Thank you so much for the “texture techniques”! These techniques make watercolor so much fun. I’ve used them before and it was great to review them :)

  3. Hope says:

    I love to spritz, spatter and spray. I spritz colors onto my painting using an old toothbrush. To create the appearance of snow in my paintings I use Chinese White on an old toothbrush that I save for this method only. I spatter on paint with my brushes. I love to do this into an area where the paint is wet like a sky or grass. I especially like to put the impression of many many birds in the sky by spattering then in with my brush. To block out areas of my painting I use facial tissues so that the spatter goes where I want it to go. Lastly, I fill small spray bottles with a mixture of watercolor paint and water. I shake up the bottles to create an even mixture and test out my color mixtures on an old piece of paper before I spray them. These spray bottles are readily available on line(a few in a package) or in the travel products area of your local pharmacy. They’re also available in discount hair product shops. I keep the usual colors like red, yellow, blue and green. I make sure to have a few empty ones on hand to mix a new color that I might decide to use in a particular painting. When the fall comes I grab a bunch of interesting leaves and use these small spray bottle to make spatter print paintings. Ginko leaves are great for this method and so are intricate Japanese maples leaves. People love to purchase these leaf prints!

  4. Rosemary says:

    I saw the preview of the David Hockney Show at the deYoung Museum in SF Thursday night. Among his amazing talents are watercolor, but also exhibited were charcoal drawings, oil paint, multimedia photography, and works using the iphone and ipad. It was AWESOME! I would recommend everyone who can, see it!

  5. Jean Potter says:

    spattering

  6. I’ve used all of them, but my favourites are salt, alcohol, and lifting off colour (I use that one the most).