Knitting Techniques: Old Shale Stitch

Posted by on Sep 17, 2013 in Knitting | Comments


The first lace knitting stitch I tried was Old Shale. It is one of the most simple and beautiful lace stitches that utilizes a series of YO increases and K2tog decreases to create a scalloped pattern that resembles a shell.

Old Shale Knitting Stitch with Yellow Yarn
A scarf made with one repeat of Old Shale with 3-stitch garter edges.

The pattern is worked over 18 stitches and 4 rows. It is really easy to memorize and adapt to work in the round.

Here are some row-by-row photos, but if you know how to knit, purl, yarn over (YO), and decrease (k2tog), then you will have no problem working it!

old shale knitting stitch step-by-step, row 1-4

Work two rows stockinette stitch (knit on the right side, purl on the wrong side), then work the pattern stitch: *K2tog 3 times, (YO, K1) 6 times, K2tog 3 times; Rep from * across the row. Work a knit row (wrong side facing) to complete the Old Shale pattern.

Working flat

Row 1 (RS): Knit across, turn.
Row 2 (WS): Purl across, turn.
Row 3: *K2tog 3 times, (YO, K1) 6 times, K2tog 3 times; Rep from * across, turn.
Row 4: Knit across, turn.

Working in the round

Round 1: Knit around.
Round 2: Knit around.
Round 3: *K2tog 3 times, (YO, K1) 6 times, K2tog 3 times; Rep from * around.
Round 4: Purl around.

A note on Feather and Fan

Often times, Old Shale and Feather and Fan are interchanged. In fact, I will admit that even I made the mistake of using the name “Feather and Fan” in reference to the Old Shale stitch. It was just last week that I learned the difference! They are completely different, even worked on a different number of stitches. The feather and fan stitch clearly resembles feathers, while the old shale pattern resembles a shell. You can find a great discussion on the two patterns, including how and why they get confused here: Feather and Fan versus Old Shale.

Exploring Old Shale on Craftsy

I found a few patterns labeled as Old Shale and quite a few more labeled as Feather and Fan, so if you are looking for a specific design, you might want to search using both phrases. Here are a few that stood out! I must say — I cannot wait for cooler temperatures to arrive!

Textured old shale sock yarn scarf
Textured Shale Sock Yarn Scarf Pattern by TreasureGoddess

This beautiful scarf was created with sock yarn! I KNOW what it’s like to lust after gorgeous sock yarn but not really wanting to knit socks. This would solve that problem and the result is a lightweight, colorful scarf.

Note: The texture is created from not purling on the wrong side (so, you create a ridge on the right side).

Woman Modeling Red Knit Poncho
Main Street Sophisticate Pattern by heyrenee

This lovely capelet was knit flat and utilizes the yarn overs in Old Shale to shape the shoulders. The bulky yarn gives the lace some weight and warmth for chilly evenings, not to mention it will work up fast! Look sophisticated in no time.

Close Up of Mermaid Rock Pattern
Mermaid Rock Pattern by Irish Sapphire

An extra long cowl knit with bulky yarn. The lace is actually accentuated by the beautiful colors in the yarn!

Close Up on Grey Old Shale Baby Blanket
Bryson’s Baby Blanket Pattern by Mary Riley Hunt

This FREE pattern is for a small lacy baby blanket. It would be a great weight for a car seat or stroller blanket. The Old Shale pattern is called “feather and fan” but it is the same stitch referenced above.

My favorite use of the stitch is a basic cowl, like this one I knit when exploring the stitch:
Green Old Shale Cowl on Display

I CO 90 with a 6.5mm 16″ circular needle, joined to knit in the round and worked 3 garter stitch ridges. I worked Old Shale for 18 repeats, or about 15″, then finished off with 3 more garter stitch ridges, binding off purl-wise. The extra long length makes it possible to pull the cowl over my head/ears on extra cold days.

If you want to start designing your own stitch patterns and exploring more advanced techniques, check out Miriam Felton’s class, Lace Shawl Design.

Come back to the Craftsy Blog tomorrow for tips on dressing up your knitting with decorative stitches.

Have you knit with the Old Shale stitch? What sorts of projects have you made?

Comments

  1. gunadesign says:

    thank you for reminding about this nice old stitch and showing the new way to use it

    Guna from gunadesing

  2. Pat says:

    I love the cowl at the bottom. What weight and type of yarn did you use, and how many oz or yards did you need?

    Thank you!

    1. Thank you! It was made with two skeins of Yarn Bee’s ‘Tender Touch’, which is a bulky weight acrylic yarn that is similar to Lion Brand’s Jiffy. It’s got that faux-mohair feel to it.

  3. Cindy in FL says:

    I have mistakenly called The Old Shale pattern the Feather and Fan on many items I have knit ! I love this information and will now correctly call it what it really is! Thank you!

  4. Gillian Sutherland says:

    When my daughter was a baby (1975!) I thought I’d knit her a dress. In my ignorance I chose a lovely pattern without realising what I was letting myself in for! The bodice was stocking stitch, and the puff sleeves also, but the skirt, which was gathered, was in this stitch (Old shale) – not given a name at the time. I used a variegated pinks wool (old UK 3 ply) which looked gorgeous. It took me a few weeks to complete it and a ton of concentration, but the result was stunning – it looked amazing on her and received admiration from many [where did I buy the dress, you made it? etc]. My daughter would’ve been a small toddler rather than a babe in arms at the time.

  5. Thank you for explaining the differenace beween the 2. love the Old Shell pattern.i’m working on one for the last 2 yr.. its still packed up but almost finished.

  6. Thank you for explaining the differenace beween the 2. love the Old Shell pattern.i’m working on one for the last 2 yr.. its still packed up but almost finished.

  7. Thank you for explaining the differenace beween the 2. love the Old Shell pattern.i’m working on one for the last 2 yr.. its still packed up but almost finished.

  8. Thank you for explaining the differenace beween the 2. love the Old Shell pattern.i’m working on one for the last 2 yr.. its still packed up but almost finished.